European trade beads history and dating

06-Oct-2017 21:27

european trade beads history and dating-85

Cams zone sex with strangers

These sites appeared to be primarily focused on producing glass (from the Greek meaning ‘four-sided’) which were small glass or stone squares used as mosaic tiles for decorative purposes, possibly to be used in local churches or the villas of wealthy noblemen.

This process harks back to far earlier production techniques from the Roman Empire when moulded glass was used to bring light into bathhouses.

A further reference in 1090 mentions a Petrus Flabianicus (or Peter of the Flacons), involved in the same activity.

european trade beads history and dating-30

Webcam en vivo de porno gratis

european trade beads history and dating-73

she is dating a woman from

From this point forward the importation of foreign glasswork into Venice was forbidden and foreign glassmakers were prevented from working in the city.On Murano, as they had done with the Arsenale (the fortified complex of state owned shipyards which at its height occupied some fifteen percent of Venice), the Venetian authorities aimed to guard what was now seen as a vital industry by keeping it in isolation – albeit in a gilded cage.Incentives and conditions for employees were regulated by the Guild setup to control the glass making industry.This influx of techniques was to be repeated again in 1453 when Constantinople fell to the Ottomans.

european trade beads history and dating-44

android exchange calendar not updating

Political and commercial expediency then played an important part in ensuring that these techniques were retained within Venice and production was regulated to maintain a competitive advantage.Several centuries were to pass before the artisans of the Venetian area embarked on what was to become a fully-fledged and unique period of decorative glass production, evolving over time to reach world renown and for a period a virtual monopoly industry in Europe.

"I was part of the second wave of feminism, and in the 1980s pornography was a big issue in Europe."I went around the world for about 15 years talking about violence against women."But as Ms Juusola has since learnt, anyone can be targeted.… continue reading »

Read more

Project assistant, Household of The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall. Head of Outward Bound Centre, Loch Eil, Inverness-shire. Senior Systems Development manager, Royal Household. … continue reading »

Read more